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掃盲!大熱的STEM包含的專業全解析 (含專業列表)

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  • 作者:華申編輯
  • 時間:2018-10-18
  • 閱讀次數:1408
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掃盲!大熱的STEM包含的專業全解析。近年來,不管是在美國還是在中國STEM都是大熱門之一,就連國內的眾多教育機構也都紛紛推出少兒STEM課程,其實工程專業一直是出國留學的熱門專業。下面華申留學網就為大家整理出了STEM包含的各類工程專業,看看有沒有大家感興趣的。

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掃盲!大熱的STEM包含的專業全解析。近年來,不管是在美國還是在中國STEM都是大熱門之一,就連國內的眾多教育機構也都紛紛推出少兒STEM課程,其實工程專業一直是出國留學的熱門專業。下面華申留學網就為大家整理出了STEM包含的各類工程專業,看看有沒有大家感興趣的。

首先,讓我們先來了解一下什么是STEM。STEM由科學(Science)、技術(Technology)、工程(Engineer)和數學(Mathematics)首字母組成,是美國鼓勵學生主修科學、技術、工程及數學的一項計劃。在美國國土安全局網站上可以查到一個長長的屬于STEM計劃的專業列表,比如化工、計算機科學、物理、數學、生物科學和航空航天等理工科。

STEM有什么好處?

對于國際學生來說,畢業之后想找工作就要申請OPT(Optional Practical Training),有了OPT才可以在美國合法實習、工作,但是OPT都是有一定時間限制的。標準的OPT只有一年時間,也就是說如果畢業生一年之內無法拿到H1B工作簽證,就必須離開美國了。

但是STEM專業的畢業生可以申請額外24個月的OPT延期,也就是說他們將擁有總共36個月的OPT時間用來找工作并申請H1B工作簽證。因此,選擇STEM項目,對于國際學生在美國找工作來說是莫大的優勢!

以下是美國官方認定的53個STEM專業:

專業代碼及名稱

相關項目

14.0101) Engineering, General.

工程學


14.0102) Pre-Engineering.

工程預科

[Pre-Engineering Transfer Program]

14.0201) Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical/Space Engineering.

航天,航空,航空航天工程

[Aeronautical Engineering]

[Astronautical Engineering]

[Space Systems Engineering]

[Space Facilities Engineering]

[Missile Systems Engineering]

[Aeroelasticity]

[Aerodynamics]

[Air-Breathing Propulsion]

[Stability and Control]

[Astrodynamics]

[Guidance and Control]

[Aerospace Navigation]

14.0301) Agricultural Engineering.

農業工程

[Bioprocessing Engineering]

[Food Engineering]

[Soil Engineering]

14.0401) Architectural Engineering.

建筑工程


14.0501) Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering.

生物工程與生物醫學工程

[Cell and Tissue Engineering]

[Neural Engineering]

[Biomaterials Engineering]

[Biomechanics]

14.0601) Ceramic Sciences and Engineering.

陶瓷科學與工程


14.0701) Chemical Engineering.

化學工程


14.0702) Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.

化學與生物分子工程


14.0799) Chemical Engineering, Other.


14.0801) Civil Engineering, General.

土木工程


14.0802) Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering.

巖土工程與環境巖土工程

[Geotechnical Engineering]

[Geoenvironmental Engineering]

[Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering]

14.0803) Structural Engineering.

結構工程


14.0804) Transportation and Highway Engineering.

交通運輸工程


14.0805) Water Resources Engineering.

水資源工程


14.0899) Civil Engineering, Other.

其他類別的土木工程


14.0901) Computer Engineering, General.

計算機工程

[Computer Systems Engineering]

14.0902) Computer Hardware Engineering.

計算機硬件工程


14.0903) Computer Software Engineering.

計算機軟件工程


14.0999) Computer Engineering, Other.

計算機工程,其他


14.1001) Electrical and Electronics Engineering

電子電氣工程

[Electrical Engineering]

[Total Ship Systems Engineering]

[Electrodynamic Engineering]

14.1003) Laser and Optical Engineering.

激光與光學工學工程

[Electro-Optic Engineering]

[Optical Engineering]

14.1004) Telecommunications Engineering.

電信工程

[Communications Systems Engineering]

14.1099) Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, Other.


14.1101) Engineering Mechanics.

工程力學


14.1201) Engineering Physics/Applied Physics.

工程物理及應用物理

[Applied Physics]

[Directed Energy/Laser Physics]

[Semiconductor Physics]

14.1301) Engineering Science.

工程科學


14.1401) Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering.

環境與環境健康工程

[Environmental Engineering]

[Environmental Management Engineering]

14.1801) Materials Engineering.

材料工程

[Materials Processing and Manufacturing]

[Materials Science Engineering]

14.1901) Mechanical Engineering.

機械工程


14.2001) Metallurgical Engineering.

冶金工程


14.2101) Mining and Mineral Engineering.

采礦與礦物工程


14.2201) Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering.

造船與海洋工程


14.2301) Nuclear Engineering.

核工程

[Nuclear Reactor Engineering]

[Nuclear Fuels]

[Nuclear Power Engineering]

[Nuclear Radiation and Shielding]

[Nuclear Instrumentation and Measurement]

14.2401) Ocean Engineering.

海洋工程


14.2501) Petroleum Engineering.

石油工程


14.2701) Systems Engineering.

系統工程

[Industrial/Manufacturing Systems Engineering]

[Product Development Engineering]

[Logistics Engineering]

[Systems Engineering Management]

[Capability-Based Systems]

[Optimization]

[Modeling and Simulation]

[Decision Engineering]

[Dynamical Systems]

14.2801) Textile Sciences and Engineering.

紡織科學與工程


14.3201) Polymer/Plastics Engineering.

聚合物/塑料工程


14.3301) Construction Engineering.

建設工程

[Construction Engineering and Management]

14.3401) Forest Engineering.

森林工程


14.3501) Industrial Engineering.

工業工程


14.3601) Manufacturing Engineering.

制造工程


14.3701) Operations Research.

運籌學

[Decision Support Systems]

[Decision Analysis]

[Operations Analysis]

[Simulation]

[Operational Sciences]

14.3801) Surveying Engineering.

測量工程


14.3901) Geological/Geophysical Engineering.

地質/地球物理工程


14.4001) Paper Science and Engineering.

造紙科學與工程


14.4101) Electromechanical Engineering.

機電工程


14.4201) Mechatronics, Robotics, and Automation Engineering.

機電一體化,機器人技術和自動化工程


14.4301) Biochemical Engineering.

生物化學工程

[Biochemical Engineering]

[Chemical and Biochemical Engineering]

14.4401) Engineering Chemistry.

工程化學


14.4501) Biological/Biosystems Engineering.

生物/生物系統工程

[Biological Engineering]

[Biosystems Engineering]

[Biological Systems Engineering]

[Biomass Engineering]

[Biological/Biosystems Engineering]

14.9999) Engineering, Other.

工程,其他


以上就是華申留學網關于大熱的STEM包含的專業全解析,更多關于STEM留學的疑問,歡迎致電400-880-6599 / 021-62076559.   

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